Rothney Castle in Shimla

Rothney Castle Overview

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Rothney Castle was the abode of A.O. Hume, a British Civil Servant and the founder of Indian National Congress. Earlier posted in Etawah (Uttar Pradesh), Hume shifted to Shimla during the Revolt of 1857. He spent many thousand pounds and employed a European gardener to convert the house into a beautiful castle.

His efforts in documenting the birds flocking to this place and thereby, collecting the largest specimens of birds in Asia earned him the title - 'The Father of Indian Ornithology'. The castle was later used as a museum that displayed around 82000 species of birds.

In 1884, 75577 bird specimens from Rothney Castle were taken to England. Although in ruins at present, this property appears like a beautiful garden with many blooming flowers and birds.

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