Berijam Lake in Kodaikanal

Photo credit: Chandrachoodan Gopalakrishnan - Wikimediacommons

Berijam Lake Overview

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Berijam Lake is a scenic freshwater reservoir that is hidden amidst dense forests near the beautiful hill station of Kodaikanal. It is situated in the upper Palani Hills, at the original location of Fort Hamilton.

The total surface area of this water body is approximately 59 acres. This lake was created by a dam, which forms an integral part of a project related to micro-watershed development. The water of this lake is pure and potable, which is why it is sourced to Periyakulam – a small town in the valley that lies below Kodaikanal.

In old times, a swamp existed at this place, which was surrounded by shola forests. Colonel Douglas Hamilton proposed the name of the lake site as a military cantonment in 1864.

A small hut named Fort Hamilton was thus built here, which served as a military outpost. It was in 1867 that the lake and the dam were formed after the Collector of Madurai donated a part of his retirement fund for the task.

The catchment area of this lake has rich flora and fauna, which make it a region of ecological significance. Shola forests and grasslands dominate the landscape of this region and provide habitat to a variety of wildlife species. Bison, Indian Elephant, Nilgiri Langur, Deer and many other animals can be spotted near the lake.

Resident and water birds can be seen flocking around Berijam Lake, which also has an impressive population of varied fish species. Owing to its impressive biodiversity, efforts are made to protect it from human intrusion. To visit this lake, entry permits from the Forestry Department Office are required.

  • Opening Closing Time 09:00 am - 03:00 pm. Open all days

  • Photo Opp

    The area surrounding Berijam Lake is rich in natural beauty and makes for a perfect photography haunt. Visitors can also take pictures of animals and birds, which are seen in the catchment area of this lake or the trail that leads to it.
  • Entrance Fee Free

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Palani Hills Forest Conservation Area, Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu‎