Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple in Bangalore

Marvel at the Indian rock-cut architecture of Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple

Marvel at the Indian rock-cut architecture of Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple | Photo credit: Pavithrah/wikimedia

Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple Overview

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The ancient Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is a great example of the Indian rock-cut architecture. Believed to have been built around the 9th century, the temple was cut out of a monolithic rock.

The deity in the main shrine is a Shivalinga. Apart from this, there is also Nandi sculpture in the front of the temple and a rare idol of Agni, the God of fire.

Also known as Gavipuram Cave Temple, a fascinating characteristic of the temple are its mysterious stone discs in the forecourt and the precise planning that allows the sun to shine on shrine in certain time of the year.

Makar Sankranti, which is held in the middle of January every year, is a special day for the temple when thousands of devotees come here. This is the day when sunrays fall on the Sivalinga for one hour as it passes between the horns of Nandi. This proves how advanced the architecture and astronomy of the ancient sculptors was as they could craft the horns of the stone bull outside the temple in a way that the sun's rays would pass through its horns and light up the Shivalinga inside the cave. The sun is supposed to illuminate the Shivalinga two times every year - from 13 to 16 January in late afternoons and from 26 November to 2 December.

The temple is located at a distance of about 3 kilometres from the City Market and can be reached easily via buses, rickshaws or taxis.

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Lakshmipura Main Road, Gavipuram, Bangalore