The capital of the Indian state of Odisha, Bhubaneshwar is a historic city with roots that go back 2,000 years from now. But Bhubaneshwar was not always the capital of Odisha. Back in 1936, Cuttack was the capital city of a newly formed, separate province, which was then called ‘Orissa’. In 2011, Orissa was renamed Odisha. It was in 1956, however, that Bhubaneshwar became the capital of the state. The area that encompasses the present-day Bhubaneshwar first held significance during the times of the Kalinga rulers, when it served as the capital of the Kalinga region. Often referred to as the ‘Temple City’, Bhubaneswar gets its name from one of Lord Shiva’s names, Tribhuvaneswar, which translates to “Lord of the Three Worlds”. Under the city’s jurisdiction lies the preservation and up-keep of over 500 of India’s finest temple remains. Bhubaneshwar, Puri, and Konark form the ‘golden triangle’ of eastern India. Bhubaneshwar is one of the most visited places in India because of its architectural, religious, cultural, and artistic heritage.
How to reach Bhubaneswar
• Bhubaneswar By Air
– Bhubaneswar does not have an international airport; however, domestic carriers operate flights to Bhubaneswar on a daily basis, connecting the city to all major cities in India, like Delhi, Chennai, Varanasi, Nagpur, Calcutta, and Vishakhapatnam. The main airport serving the city is the Biju Patnaik Airport, which is 4 km from the main town centre.
• Bhubaneswar By Rail
– The Eastern Railways of the Indian Railways system connects Bhubaneshwar to major cities across the country by means of superfast trains. The chief railhead of the East Coast, it has fast and super-fast connectivity to nearby cities including Kolkata, Guwahati, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Thiruvananthapuram, Mumbai, and Ahmedabad. The Bhubaneshwar Railway Station, which is located in the centre of town, has 30 trains each, originating and terminating here, with 194 trains halting in the station on any one of its 6 platforms.
• Bhubaneswar By Road
– Bhubaneswar is well connected to the rest of India by a network of national highways. The New Bus Stand in Bhubaneswar lies on the NH 5, at Baramunda, which is approximately 6 km from the town centre. Daily buses ply to Puri and Konark; buses to Puri leave every 15 minutes from the main terminus, at Kalpana Square. Popular destinations like Konark ( 64 km), Puri (90 km), Cuttack (25 km), Kolkata (441 km), and Vishakhapatnam (425 km) are a mere drive away.
What to do in Bhubaneswar
The name of the city itself suggests the religious, spiritual, and cultural connects of the city. Bhubaneshwar has a right mix of cultural and religious history. New archaeological findings have resurrected stories from as far back as the fifth century. It is a 2,000-year-old settlement that has witnessed everything from the Kalinga bloodshed to Asoka’s piety and the spread of Buddhism. Upon travelling in and around the city and its nearby areas, one can note that the architecture of the place changes according to the prevalent religions in the region. Following are the places you must visit when you are in Bhubaneshwar:
Nandankanan Zoological Park
Dhauli Giri Hills and the Geological Formations on the Hill
Ram Mandir, Bhubaneswar
Udayagiri Caves and Pilgrimage
Museum of Tribal Arts and Artifacts
Dhauligiri Shanti Stupa
Odisha State Museum
Ashoka’s Rock Edict
Ratnagiri Buddhist Excavation
Chausathi Jogini Temple
Biju Patnaik Park
Ananta Vasudeva Temple
Regional Museum of Natural History Bhubaneshwar
Pathani Samanta Planetarium
Kedar Gauri Temple
Vaital Deul Temple
Satkosia Tiger Reserve
Major Airports in and near Bhubaneswar
Biju Patnaik Airport is the main airport in the city, which serves flights to Bhubaneswar or from the city. Located 4 km from the main city, the airport serves as the nucleus for domestic airlines including Air Sahara, Air Deccan, Air India, Jet Airways, SpiceJet and IndiGo. MakeMyTrip offers a wide range of flights to Bhubaneswar. One can easily use the MakeMyTrip website to book flights to Bhubaneswar or from Bhubaneswar. MakeMyTrip flights to Bhubaneswar can be availed at highly discounted rates during festivals and off seasons.