Western Indian Railway is one of the busiest rail networks of India. It was formed on November 5, 1951 with a merger of many state-owned railways, consisting of Baroda, Bombay and Central India Railway, and Rajputana Railway, Saurashtra Railway and Jaipur State Railway. In 1951, the narrow gauge lines of Cutch State Railway were also merged.
Western Railways has its headquarters located in Churchgate (Mumbai) and is divided into 6 divisions namely Mumbai, Bhavnagar, Ratlam, Vadodara, Rajkot and Ahmedabad. Western Indian Railway started its first rural services with steam traction in April 1867. By year 1870, it extended its network till Churchgate. Forty five more trains were started in both directions by 1900 so as to offer transport facilities to over 1 million passengers each year.
In year 1928, it launched its first train between Churchgate and Borivali route. Ahmedabad � Vadodara, Palanpur � Ahmedabad and Ratlam - Mumbai Central are few of the chief railway lines of Indian Railways that fall under jurisdiction of Western Indian Railways. The zone covers Gujarat state, eastern segment of Rajasthan, Maharashtra coast and a fraction of Western Madhya Pradesh. The zone also serves numerous ports on western coast of India.
The major ports that generate good revenue to Indian Railways include Okha, Kandla, Bhavnagar, Porbandar and Mumbai. Western Railway is amongst the most advanced railroad system of Indian railways. This ultimately makesWestern Railway Zone one of the most imperative railroad systems of India.
Other major Indian railway zones is as follows:
Central Indian Railways: This is the oldest of Indian railway zones and one of the largest of the 16 zones formed by Indian railways.
Eastern Indian Railways: The Eastern Railway (ER) zone is one of the important Indian Railway zones. With its headquarters in Kolkata, the Eastern Zone is divided further into four divisions namely Mald, Howrah, Asansol and Sealdah for better working.
Northern Indian Railways: It is one of the nine older zones of Indian Railways. New Delhi, the national capital of India serves as headquarters of this Indian Railway Zone.
Southern Indian Railways: This is the first zone formed after India got liberated from British Rule. Southern Indian Railway Zone was established on April 14, 1951 by combination of always of three states.