Indian Railway (SR) is the one of the sixteen
zones of the Indian Railways that was established in
independent India. The zone was established on April
14, 1951 with a merger of 3 state railways consisting
of Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, Mysore State
Railway and South Indian Railway. Originally, it was
formed during British rule in India, when Great Southern
India Railway Co. was established in Britain. In the
beginning, its headquarters were in Tiruchirappalli.
Currently, the zone has its headquarters situated in
Chennai, the capital city of Tamil Nadu. South Indian
Railway zone has been divided into 6 divisions namely
Chennai, Salem, Madurai, Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad
and Tiruchirapalli. The railway covers many states consisting
of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Pondicherry along with other
little segments of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Over
500 million passengers commute via South Indian
railway network annually. The zone differs
from other zones of Indian railways as it derives its
revenue from passengers instead of freight.
For better administration, Railway Board approved the
formation of new Railway Division in 2005 with Salem
as its headquarters. The formation of this division
has been of great help in launching better train services,
thus fulfilling the needs of passengers. Coimbatore
and Tiruppur, the highest revenue yielder for the zone,
are now integrated in Salem division. Salem, the newer
division of Southern Railways has been
carved out from Tiruchirapalli and Palakkad divisions.
Major parts of the Southern zone are
Broad Gauge lines and only small parts are Meter Gauge
lines. Many new plans for improvement would be charged
to convert all lines to Broad gauge lines, platform
covering and improved catering stalls. To prevent accidents,
an automated signal system would also be introduced.
The Central Station in Chennai serves more than 1 million
passengers every day. Stations of Chennai, Madurai,
Tiruchirapalli, Thiruvanathapuram and Thiruvanathapuram
have been chosen for upgradation.
Other major Indian railway zones is
Indian Railways: This is the oldest of
Indian railway zones and one of the largest of the 16
zones formed by Indian railways.
Indian Railways: The Eastern Railway (ER)
zone is one of the important Indian Railway zones. With
its headquarters in Kolkata, the Eastern Zone is divided
further into four divisions namely Mald, Howrah, Asansol
and Sealdah for better working.
Indian Railways: It is one of the nine
older zones of Indian Railways. New Delhi, the national
capital of India serves as headquarters of this Indian
Indian Railways: This Indian railways
zone is amongst the most hustling and lively rail networks
of the country. The headquarters of Western Indian Railway
is situated in Mumbai city.