Indian Railway is also an eminent zone of Indian
railways. The zone has its headquarters located
in Kolkata. The zone is divided into four parts comprising
of Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol and Malda for better management
and working. The Eastern Indian railway zone was formed
on April 14, 1952, by the merger of the East India railway
divisions of Howrah, Sealdah, Danapur and Asansol with
Bengal – Nagpur Railway.
In present times, Eastern railways
covers 2382.38 km of route. The regions covered by Eastern
Indian Railway play a vital role in strengthening the
economy of the nation. Besides administration of the
country’s most populated area, an Eastern Indian railway
is associated with the territory that is immensely prosperous
in agriculture, minerals and industry. The 3 main workshops
of Eastern Indian Railway are situated in Jamalpur,
Kanchrapara and Jamalpur.
Eastern Railways stretches to Bangladesh border in East, whereas Kiul, Lalgoda and Malda in North, Jhajha and Asansol in West and Kakdwip near Ganga Sagar in South. The Eastern Indian railways also runs plentiful high-speed long distance trains so as to accommodate rush of long distance passengers. Rajdhani Express, one of the premium trains of the nation, was first started in 1969 between Howrah and Delhi.
The Railways is also renowned for making most of its
rural routes electrified, and few routes which aren’t
yet electrified, are served by Diesel Multiple Units.
The complete originating traffic of Eastern Indian Railway
comprise of 86 % of coal. In East India, the chief Industries
and Power Houses rely upon the coal encumbered on the
Eastern Indian Railway. Besides this, Eastern
Indian Railways also transfers Steel, Iron,
Tea, Cement, Jute, Textile, Stone and Automobiles etc.
Other major Indian railway zones is
Indian Railways: This is the oldest of
Indian railway zones and one of the largest of the 16
zones formed by Indian railways.
Indian Railways: It is one of the nine
older zones of Indian Railways. New Delhi, the national
capital of India serves as headquarters of this Indian
Indian Railways: This is the first zone
formed after India got liberated from British Rule.
Southern Indian Railway Zone was established on April
14, 1951 by combination of always of three states.
Indian Railways: This Indian railways zone
is amongst the most hustling and lively rail networks
of the country. The headquarters of Western Indian Railway
is situated in Mumbai city.